Collaboration via Smart-phones (Original Audio Script): Modified to suit Video Presentation.
Module 6 Course (EDUC – 7102 – 2) Cecil Mittoo Date Created: 11/13/2011
Introduction: Smart-phone Technology for Students
Cognitive learning is fast being adopted for our K-12 population. The currency of this thought is being backed by the availability of technology inside the class room and technology coming inside the classroom. When I say technology coming inside the classroom I am not referring to the internet and the World Wide Web. The Internet and the World Wide Web is like the I-95, they are a given. The Smart-phone is the technology that is quietly slipping through the classroom doors and sometimes they do surface to interrupt our lessons. But why are students bringing their technology inside the classroom? That’s because parents are buying their kids small technologies so they can communicate and keep in touch. Can we disagree? Maybe, but that does not change the pragmatic situation. According to McGrath (2011) with reference to “Strategic Trends,” “Today’s parents want quick and reliable access to their children and they are not concerned with spending hundreds of dollars to purchase the latest Smart-phones and ensure this is possible.” McGrath further postulates that “So rather than banning Smart-phones from classrooms, we need to harness the power of the Smart- phones and engage students in learning using technology they have. He believes “the youth of this generation want to access the latest knowledge and there’s no better means than the Smart-phone.”
Smart-phones Description and Software Technology
Smart-phones are flooding the consumers market with all makes and brands. A Smart-phone is a high-end mobile phone that provides almost the same features as a computer. They carry 3G, 4G, and higher broad band technology. Smart-phone combines the functions of a Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) and a mobile phone. Today’s models typically also serve as portable media player and camera phones with high-resolution touch-screens, web browsers that can access, and properly display standard web pages rather than just mobile-optimized sites, GPS navigation and WI-Fi. talking on the phone and text messaging has become crucial since the phone has begun to exist and that’s because it’s easier with a mobile phone to communicate.
Some Smart-phones are equipped with miniature keyboards that can be used for typing. They have large enough screens that allow clear and crisp pictures of photos and videos.
How can students use the Smart-phones in Education?
With the help of Internet feature and the World Wide Web, the Smart-phone provides students with permanent access to some virtual textbooks. So, instead of using a handout with lots of writing, they can use videos and photos from online sources to share and discuss to make understanding better. Apart from accessing pictures and videos the smart phone can be used to take pictures and videos of lab work such as in Science and work shop procedures. Because there is connection to the Internet the Smart-phone can be used for net working in synchronous and asynchronous learning to include the accessing of Wikes and Blogs. Some smart phones have clear audio sound that can be privatized with an ear-phone. This becomes useful for listening Pod-cast or watch Video-cast. Smart-phones can be used to extend learning from the classroom to the home. Using the computer or lap top provided by the school means that students leave their work in school technology until the next day; but being able to travel with personal technology helps students to have their work for continued learning at home right at their finger tips.
Smart-phones Facilitating Learning Theories and Learning Technology
Students are able to collaborate for defining problems. According to Dr. Dede’s (vodcast) “NeoMillennial” learning is futuristic learning styles for the next generation. One major advantage of NeoMillennial Learning is that it allows learners to collaborate and “find the problem as a team.” Saettler (2004) reminded us that “Knowledge is mediated by the cognitive process produced by technologies.” Dr. Thornburg in his Vodcast on “Miniaturization of Technology” told us of the wide spread use of technology tools to include cell phones. “How this might be used to facilitate learning?” Dr. Thornburg said, “It isn’t obvious how to do that.” Saettler (2004) elicited “Educational Technology is concerned with the total process of Instructional Design and Learning. Active learning is preferred for cognitive development. But with the complex nature of problems are much clearly defined by collaborative interaction. Anderson (2010) postulates that “Constructivists see learners as active rather than passive. Siemens (2004) in Anderson (2010) tells us that “Connectivists theory is for the digital age. Mobile learning is a fairly new concept. According to Hutchinson et al., in Anderson (2010) “Mobile learning is rapidly increasing knowledge building via Smart-phones.”
Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (Dr. Chris Dede, 2008). Millennial and NeoMillennial Learning Style. Baltimore: Author. Available from: http://laureate.ecollege.com/ec/crs/default.learn?CourseID=5260641&CPURL=laureate.ecollege.com&Survey=1&47=4769372&ClientNodeID=984645&coursenav=0&bhcp=1
Laureate Education, Inc. (Producer). (2008). Educational technology: A historic perspective [Video program]. Available from http://laureate.ecollege.com/ec/crs/default.learn?CourseID=5260641&CPURL=laureate.ecollege.com&Survey=1&47=4769372&ClientNodeID=984645&coursenav=0&bhcp=1
Saettler, P. (2004). The evolution of American educational technology. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.
McGrath, T. (2011).Strategic Trends. Get Smart: Let Students Use Smart-phones in Class. Retrieved from:
Anderson, T. (2010). The theory and Practice of Online Learning. (2nd ed.). Athabasca University, Edmonton
Webopedia. (2011). The Difference Between a Cell phone, Smart phone and a PDA. Retrieved from: http://www.webopedia.com/DidYouKnow/Hardware_Software/2008/smartphone_cellphone_pda.asp